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ls [<options>] [<path>]


ls is used to list the files in a directory. Directories have a '/' appended to them. If no directory is given, it will default to your current directory. You can also specify patterns to match to so that not all files will be listed.

The -F option will put a '*' on the end of a file if it is loaded, it will place a '@' on the end of a file if it is in the autodoc system and it will place a '/' on the end if it is a directory.

ls has a number of options, -CF being the defaults:

-a do not hide entries '..' and '.'

-d list directory entries instead of contents

-h display help and exit

-l use a long listing format

-o colorize entries according to type

-C list entries by columns

-F append a character to entries according to type

-1 list one file per line

-t sort list by date

-m mxp options

An explanation of all the fields in the long listing format:

1 The type of the file, '-' for normal file, 'd' for directory.

2 The access permissions for the owner of the file.

3 The access permissions for the domain of the file.

4 The access permissions for others. Possible values for the 3 positions are

'r'ead or '-' no access, 'w'rite or '-' no access, e'x'ecute or '-', for files

this means the file is loaded, for directories this means you can enter it.

5 The link count, for a file this is 1, and for a directory it is the amount

of directories in it, include '..' and '.'.

6 The owner.

7 The domain.

8 The size, for directories this is always 0.

9 The last modified time of the file.

10 The filename itself.

If you add the property 'expand ls nicknames' you can then nickname directory locations.


ls -C /std
ls /std/living/l*.c
ls /log/F*
ls -l examples/*.c
ls -oCF
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Epitaph Black Ops - Epiphany v1.2.13 [development]. Copyright © Imaginary Realities Ltd 2009 -